Today’s world is filled with abundance of data. AI-powered machines can now go through petabytes of unstructured data to surface information that was previously hidden or unexploited. These machines are also capable of learning from previous experiences to apply this knowledge in similar situations in the future. This is a perfect example of how AI has already changed the world, and it will continue to do so in the future as well. A majority of industries are leveraging artificial intelligence to automate processes and make them more efficient than ever before. Similarly, Artificial Intelligence has also started disrupting different domains of our lives including meteorology. Read on to know more about how AI will change the future of meteorology.
Meteorology and Artificial Intelligence: Going Forward
The beginning of the 20th century witnessed the transition of weather forecasting from a descriptive science to a predictive science. Since then, forecasting has seen a number of breakthroughs that have enhanced its accuracy and timeliness. However, the advent of AI will certainly be the next big leap in the field of Meteorology. Weather forecasting and climate modelling are some of the most computationally intensive fields of science.
Typically, it takes anywhere between 3 and 18 hours for a supercomputer to simulate one terrestrial day for oceans, 10 hours for the tropics and about 6 hours for continents. In fact, there is a reason why meteorologists and climatologists prefer using supercomputers.
Advancement in Data Collection and Forecasting
Data collection and forecasting are key areas where artificial intelligence can make a difference in the field of meteorology. Currently, the standard operational forecast is generated by a tall computer system with many computers. This tall computer system typically consists of a number of computers connected to each other through a LAN.
This central computer system collects all the data, including satellite images, weather balloons, and ground observations. It then applies mathematical models to the data to generate forecasts. The advent of AI will help to collect and interpret data more efficiently. This will prove beneficial for the standard forecast model as it will be able to take into consideration more data and generate more accurate forecasts.
Advancement in Data Interpretation and Analysis
Computer systems are excellent at collecting data, but are quite bad at analysing data. However, artificial intelligence is different as it can interpret data and draw conclusions from it. This is a key advantage of AI over traditional computer systems. Collecting satellite images, weather balloons, and ground observations to generate forecasts consumes a lot of time and resources.
It’s also important to analyse the data carefully to arrive at the most accurate forecast possible. By using artificial intelligence, meteorologists can analyse data in real-time to generate more accurate forecasts. For example, AI can help to analyse satellite images and identify cloud patterns. This will improve the accuracy of precipitation forecasts.
Advancement in Climate Change Research
The advent of artificial intelligence will not only help to generate accurate weather forecasts. It can also be used to research climate change. This is because AI systems can be programmed to make inferences from the collected data and look for patterns. Computer systems, on the other hand, are incapable of doing this. They are programmed to only analyse the data in front of them. AI systems, on the other hand, can be programmed to make predictions about the future. This will help to better understand climate change and take necessary measures to combat it.
Advancement in Environment Protection and Artificial Intelligence
As mentioned above, AI can be used to analyse satellite images to identify patterns and make predictions. This will certainly prove beneficial for the environment protection sector. AI systems can be programmed to identify geographical areas that are prone to floods, wildfires, extreme weather, etc. This will allow authorities to take necessary precautions and save lives and property.
AI’s Role in Meteorology
The role of artificial intelligence in meteorology will be to automate weather forecasting and climate change research. This will significantly enhance the quality of forecasts and help in better understanding of climate change. Weather forecasting is a highly data-intensive field. It requires a continuous monitoring of different parameters like temperature, humidity, pressure, wind speed, etc.
Computer systems can be programmed to monitor real-time data from sensors and apply mathematical models to generate forecasts. The advent of artificial intelligence will significantly enhance forecasting accuracy. AI can also be used to monitor data from sensors and forecast future weather patterns. Sensors, including satellite images, weather balloons, and ground observations, can be programmed to send data to AI systems.
Automatic Data Collection and Interpretation
The future of meteorology will see a lot of automation in data collection and interpretation. This will be made possible by artificial intelligence. Computer systems, programmed to collect data, can be replaced by AI systems. This will not only save resources, but will also improve the speed of data collection. Similarly, the process of data interpretation can also be automated by AI. This will help to identify patterns in real-time and generate accurate forecasts.
Data Standardization and Integration
The advent of artificial intelligence in meteorology will not only automate data collection and interpretation but will also help to standardize data and integrate multiple datasets. This will help to improve the quality of forecasts. Currently, different models and agencies have their own ways of generating forecasts and recording data. They all use different terminologies and scales of measurement. This is a major cause for inconsistencies between forecasts and the real-time weather conditions.
Weather by Artificial Intelligence
The future of weather forecasting will be driven by AI. Computer systems, programmed to generate forecasts, can be replaced by AI systems. This will help to forecast weather patterns more accurately and generate forecasts in real time. Similarly, AI systems can be programmed to monitor weather patterns in real time and generate forecasts. Computer systems programmed to monitor weather patterns and forecast future weather events can be replaced by AI systems.
AI-based remote sensing
A conventional method of studying the Earth’s atmosphere is by launching satellites and taking images of the Earth’s surface. Scientists can then analyse these images to study air flow patterns, weather patterns, and other interesting geographical features of our planet. This method, however, is quite slow and expensive. It also needs skilled individuals to analyse the data.
An AI-based remote sensing system can be programmed to interpret satellite images and detect geographical features in real time. The system can then transmit this information to a computer system that can generate forecasts and make predictions.
The future of meteorology will see the advent of artificial intelligence. This will help to improve forecasting accuracy and make climate change research more efficient. It’s interesting to note that meteorologists are currently divided on the role of AI in meteorology. While some see it as a positive influence, others believe that AI will disrupt the field of meteorology. Therefore, it will be interesting to see which side wins in the long run.